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SPD Instruments

Instruments developed and co-developed by SPD

SPHINX (Coronas-Photon mission)

CORONAS-PHOTON SphinX was developed by the Solar Physics Division of the CBK PAN as a part of international collaboration involving scientists from Russia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Italy, the UK, and the USA. SphinX was launched aboard the Russian

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Vertical-1 suborbital mission

Rocket launched on November 28, 1970. Peak altitude: 487km. Carried experiments: studying geophysical matters including the X-ray spectrum and the concentration of electrons and ions, as well as electron temperature. In the experiment Soviet Union and four other countries

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Vertical-2 suborbital mission

Rocket launched on August 20, 1971. Peak altitude: 463km. Essentially, a repeat of the investigation of Vertical-1, with experiments provided by the Soviet Union and four other countries. Poland provided a set of solar X-ray diagnostics instruments.

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Vertical-5 suborbital mission

Rocket launched on August 30, 1977. Peak altitude: about 500km. Equipment from three countries, as well as from the Soviet Union has been provided. Poland provided a set of solar X-ray diagnostics instruments.

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Vertical-8 suborbital mission

Rockets launched on September 29, 1979 (Vertical-8, peak altitude: 505km) and August 28, 1981 (Vertical-9, peak altitude: 500km). Experiments were realized by the Soviet Union and cooperating countries. Poland provided a set of solar X-ray diagnostics instruments.

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Suborbital mission Vertical-9

Rockets launched on September 29, 1979 (Vertical-8, peak altitude: 505km) and August 28, 1981 (Vertical-9, peak altitude: 500km). Experiments were realized by the Soviet Union and cooperating countries. Poland provided a set of solar X-ray diagnostics instruments.

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Vertical-11 suborbital mission

Rocket launched on October 20, 1983. Peak altitude: 500km. Solar radiation studies with experiments were carried out by the Soviet Union and two other countries. Poland delivered a set of solar X-ray diagnostics equipment.

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