Łyszkowicz, A., Nastula, J., Zieliński J.B., Birylo M. (2021). A New Model of Quasigeoid for the Baltic Sea Area. REMOTE SENSING, Volume13, Issue13, Article Number2580, doi: 10.3390/rs13132580.
Abstrakt/Abstract: The Space Research Centre in Warsaw is participating in the ESA project “Geodetic SAR for Height System Unification and Sea Level Research”. To observe the absolute sea level and enable the unification of the height systems, the physical heights of the tide gauge stations referring to a common equipotential surface (quasigeoid/geoid) are needed. This paper describes the new quasigeoid model for the area of the Baltic sea. The quasigeoid calculation was carried out according to the Helmert method, in which the topography is condensed on a layer lying on the geoid. Airborne gravity anomalies from the Baltic area and terrestrial anomalies from Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Lithuania, Latvia, and Poland were used. The necessary terrain corrections have been computed from a digital terrain model based on the SRTM30 model. To compute the long-wavelength part of the quasigeoid, the geopotential models GOCE-DIR6, GOCO06s, and EIGEN-6C4 were used; therefore, the three solutions have been obtained. All calculations were done in a zero-tide system. The new quasigeoid model is obtained on a regular 1.5’ × 3.0’ grid in the GRS80 reference system, covering the Baltic Sea and the surrounding area 52° < ϕ < 68° and 11° < λ < 30°. These gravimetric quasigeoids were compared to quasigeoid undulations derived at 29 GNSS/leveling points of the ASG-EUPOS permanent network, located in the study area. Our calculations show that the accuracy of the calculated quasigeoids is almost the same in all three cases and is about ±0.04 meters. Finally, quasigeoid anomalies were interpolated at the Polish tide gauge stations. The new gravimetric quasigeoid solution could be very important for height system unification, for geophysical purposes as well as for engineering purposes.